Platelet quiescence in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Article [Version of Record]
Is part ofJournal of the American Heart Association ; vol. 10.
BACKGROUND: The optimal antiplatelet strategy for patients with acute coronary syndromes who require coronary artery bypass surgery remains unclear. While a more potent antiplatelet regimen will predispose to perioperative bleeding, it is hypothesized that through “platelet quiescence,” ischemic protection conferred by such therapy may provide a net clinical benefit. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery who were treated with a more potent antiplatelet inhibition strategy with those with a less potent inhibition through a meta-analysis. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality after bypass surgery. The analysis identified 4 studies in which the antiplatelet regimen was randomized and 6 studies that were nonrandomized. Combining all studies, there was an overall higher mortality with weaker strategies compared with more potent strategies (odds ratio, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.03–1.85; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the concept of platelet quiescence, in reducing mortality for patients with acute coronary syndrome requiring coronary artery bypass surgery. This suggests the routine up-front use of potent antiplatelet regimens in acute coronary syndrome, irrespective of likelihood of coronary artery bypass graft.