The genetic and environmental etiology of the association between vocabulary and syntax in first grade
Etiology of vocabulary and syntax
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofLanguage Learning and Development ; vol. 14, no 2, p. 149-166
Publisher(s)Taylor & Francis
- Université de Montréal. Faculté des arts et des sciences. École de psychoéducation
- Université de Montréal. Faculté de médecine. Département de psychiatrie
This study examined the genetic and environmental etiology of vocabulary, syntax, and their association in first graders. French-speaking same-sex twins (N = 555) completed two vocabulary tests, and two scores of syntax were calculated from their spontaneous speech at 7 years of age. Multivariate latent factor genetic analyses showed that lexical skills were influenced mainly by the environment shared between the twins, whereas syntactic skills were influenced exclusively by genes and unique environment. Moreover, the moderate association between vocabulary and syntax was mostly due to common genetic factors. These novel findings may be attributable to the use of latent factors and the population studied. More research is needed to determine the specific factors involved in lexical and syntactic skills at this developmental period.