Effect of calcium-modulating cyclophilin ligand on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 particle release and cell surface expression of Tetherin
The HIV-1 accessory protein Vpu enhances virus particle release by counteracting a host factor that retains virions at the cell surface of infected cells. It was recently demonstrated that cellular protein BST2/CD317/Tetherin restricts HIV-1 release in a Vpu-dependent manner. CAML was also proposed to be involved in this process. We investigated whether CAML is involved in Tetherin cell-surface expression. Here, we show that CAML over-expression in permissive Cos-7 cells or CAML depletion in restrictive HeLa cells has no effect on HIV-1 release nor on Tetherin surface expression, indicating that CAML is not required for Tetherin-mediated restriction of HIV-1 release.
Bego, M.G., Dubé, M., Mercier, J., Cohen, É.A. "Effect of calcium-modulating cyclophilin ligand on human immunodeficiency virus type 1 particle release and cell surface expression of Tetherin". Journal of Virology, 83(24): 13032-13036, 2009.