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dc.contributor.authorKarvellas, Constantine J.
dc.contributor.authorSpeiser, Jaime L.
dc.contributor.authorTremblay, Mélanie
dc.contributor.authorLee, William M.
dc.contributor.authorRose, Christopher
dc.subjectLiver type fatty acid binding proteinfr
dc.subjectMultiorgan failurefr
dc.subjectALFSG indexfr
dc.titleElevated FABP1 serum levels are associated with poorer survival in acetaminophen-induced acute liver failurefr
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversité de Montréal. Faculté de médecine. Département de médecinefr
dcterms.abstractBackground/Aim Acetaminophen (APAP)-induced Acute Liver Failure (ALF) is associated with significant mortality. Traditional prognostic scores lack sensitivity. Hypothesis: Serum Liver-type Fatty Acid Binding Protein (FABP1) early (day 1) or late (day 3–5) levels are associated with 21-day mortality in the absence of liver transplant. Methods Serum samples from 198 APAP-ALF patients (nested case control study with 99 survivors, 99 non-survivors) were analyzed by ELISA methods and assessed with clinical data from the US Acute Liver Failure Study Group (ALFSG) Registry (1998–2014). Results APAP-ALF survivors had significantly lower serum FABP1 levels early (238.6 vs. 690.8 ng/ml, p <0.0001) and late (148.4 vs. 612.3 ng/ml, p <0.0001) compared with non-survivors. FABP1 > 350 ng/ml was associated with significantly higher risk of death at early (p=0.0004) and late (p<0.0001) time points. Increased serum FABP1 early (log FABP1 odds ratio (OR) 1.31, p=0.027) and late (log FABP1 OR 1.50, p =0.005) were associated with significantly increased 21-day mortality after adjusting for significant covariates (MELD, vasopressor use). Areas under the receiver-operating curve (AUROC) for early and late multivariable models were 0.778 and 0.907 respectively. AUROC of the King’s College Criteria (KCC) (Early: 0.552 alone, 0.711 with FABP1; Late: 0.604 alone, 0.797 with FABP1) and ALFSG prognostic index (Early: 0.686 alone, 0.766 with FABP1; Late: 0.711 alone, 0.815 with FABP1) significantly improved with the addition of FABP1 (p <0.002 for all). Conclusion In patients with APAP-ALF, FABP1 may have good potential to discriminate survivors from non-survivors and may improve models currently used in clinical practice. Validation of FABP1 as a clinical prediction tool in APAP-ALF warrants further
UdeM.VersionRioxxVersion acceptée / Accepted Manuscriptfr

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