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Targeting the muscle for the treatment and prevention of hepatic encephalopathy
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofJournal of hepatology ; vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 876-878.
Muscle mass loss or sarcopenia is a principle component of malnutrition which prevails in 65–90% of patients with end-stage liver disease . Intuitively, the roots of malnutrition play a precipitating role in muscle catabolism. Undernutrition frequently occurs in cirrhosis since an inadequate diet is compounded by a hypermetabolic energy demand. However, multiple other factors contribute to the pathogenesis of malnutrition including malabsorption of nutrients, metabolic alterations, increased intestinal protein losses, reduced protein synthesis, increased protein catabolism and disturbance of substrate utilization [2,3].