A single mutation in the mammalian orthoreovirus S1 gene is responsible for increased interferon sensitivity in a virus mutant selected in Vero cells
Reovirus interferon sensitivity
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofVirology ; vol. 528, pp. 73-79.
In a previous study, a mammalian orthoreovirus mutant was isolated based on its increased ability to infect interferon-defective Vero cells and was referred to as Vero-cellsadapted virus (VeroAV). This virus exhibits reduced ability to resist the antiviral effect of interferon. In the present study, the complete genome sequence of VeroAV was first determined. Reverse genetics was then used to identify a unique mutation on the S1 gene, overlapping the σ1 and σ1s reading frame, resulting in increased sensitivity to interferon. A virus lacking σ1s expression consecutive to mutation of its initiation codon was then shown to exhibit a further increase in sensitivity to interferon, supporting the idea that σ1s is the viral protein responsible. This identification of a new determinant of reovirus sensitivity to interferon gives credentials to the idea that multiple reovirus genes are responsible for the level of interferon induction and susceptibility to the interferon-induced antiviral activities.