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dc.contributor.authorMongeon, Philippe
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Elise
dc.contributor.authorJoyal, Bruno
dc.contributor.authorLarivière, Vincent
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-31T15:27:00Z
dc.date.availableNO_RESTRICTIONfr
dc.date.available2020-03-31T15:27:00Z
dc.date.issued2017-09-14
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1866/23159
dc.publisherPublic library of sciencefr
dc.rightsCe document est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International. / This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleThe rise of the middle author : investigating collaboration and division of labor in biomedical research using partial alphabetical authorshipfr
dc.typeArticlefr
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversité de Montréal. Faculté des arts et des sciences. École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l'informationfr
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0184601
dcterms.abstractContemporary biomedical research is performed by increasingly large teams. Consequently, an increasingly large number of individuals are being listed as authors in the bylines, which complicates the proper attribution of credit and responsibility to individual authors. Typically, more importance is given to the first and last authors, while it is assumed that the others (the middle authors) have made smaller contributions. However, this may not properly reflect the actual division of labor because some authors other than the first and last may have made major contributions. In practice, research teams may differentiate the main contributors from the rest by using partial alphabetical authorship (i.e., by listing middle authors alphabetically, while maintaining a contribution-based order for more substantial contributions). In this paper, we use partial alphabetical authorship to divide the authors of all biomedical articles in the Web of Science published over the 1980–2015 period in three groups: primary authors, middle authors, and supervisory authors. We operationalize the concept of middle author as those who are listed in alphabetical order in the middle of an authors’ list. Primary and supervisory authors are those listed before and after the alphabetical sequence, respectively. We show that alphabetical ordering of middle authors is frequent in biomedical research, and that the prevalence of this practice is positively correlated with the number of authors in the bylines. We also find that, for articles with 7 or more authors, the average proportion of primary, middle and supervisory authors is independent of the team size, more than half of the authors being middle authors. This suggests that growth in authors lists are not due to an increase in secondary contributions (or middle authors) but, rather, in equivalent increases of all types of roles and contributions (including many primary authors and many supervisory authors). Nevertheless, we show that the relative contribution of alphabetically ordered middle authors to the overall production of knowledge in the biomedical field has greatly increased over the last 35 years.fr
dcterms.isPartOfurn:ISSN:1932-6203fr
dcterms.languageengfr
UdeM.ReferenceFournieParDeposantMongeon, P., Smith, E., Joyal, B. & Larivière, V. (2017). The rise of the middle author: investigating collaboration and division of labor in biomedicine using partial alphabetical authorship. PLoS ONE, 12(9): e0184601.fr
UdeM.VersionRioxxVersion publiée / Version of Recordfr
oaire.citationTitlePLoS one
oaire.citationVolume12
oaire.citationIssue9


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Ce document est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International. / This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
RightsCe document est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International. / This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.