Drugs, alcohol, and criminal behaviour : a profile of inmates in canadian federal institutions
Is part ofForum on Corrections Research ; vol. 13, no 3
- Faculté des arts et des sciences - École de criminologie
The scientific literature often mentions that there is a statistical connection between alcohol and drug consumption and criminal behaviour. However, there is little information available which would make it possible to quantify this connection, and specify the impact that drugs and alcohol have on criminal behaviour. Consumption of psychoactive substances has two major effects: intoxication and addiction. These effects are related, respectively, to the psycho-pharmacological and economic-compulsive models of the connection between drugs and crime. The first model associates drug use and intoxication with a decrease in cognitive functions and a lack of self-control, leading to aggressive impulses, violence and lack of inhibitions. The second model refers to the huge costs that are associated with being addicted to certain drugs. A person addicted to these drugs would need to engage in lucrative criminal activities in order to pay for them. This article explores and attempts to further define the links between alcohol, illicit drugs and criminal behaviour, taking into account the types of drugs consumed and the types of criminal behaviour displayed.
Brochu, S., Cousineau, M.-M., Gillet, M., Cournoyer, L.-G., Pernanen, K. & Motiuk, L. (2001, January). Drugs, alcohol, and criminal behaviour : a profile of inmates in canadian federal institutions. Forum on Corrections Research, 13(3), 20-24.