Fédéralisme d’ouverture et pouvoir de dépenser au Canada
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofRevista d’Estudis Autonòmics i Federals ; no 7
- Faculté des arts et des sciences. Département de science politique
In power since January 2006, the leader of the Canadian Conservative party, Stephen Harper, promised to break with the previous governments’ “domineering” style of governance and to put into practice a new type of “open federalism.” Specifically, this approach involved correcting the fiscal imbalance between Ottawa and the provinces, taking measures to recognize Quebec’s specificity, and limiting the federal government’s recourse to an alleged spending power. This article briefly surveys the foundations of Canadian politics and the years when the Liberal party was in power, between 1993 and 2006, to assess the measures adopted by the Harper government, particularly with respect to the spending power. This power is not attributed in the constitution nor is it founded on clear jurisprudence, but Ottawa still claims and invokes it. Despite ther promises, the Conservatives have failed to offer a satisfactory formula for limiting its usage. So, Canada remains driven by the centralising process that has prevailed since the start of the 1980’s.
Noël, Alain. « Fédéralisme d’ouverture et pouvoir de dépenser au Canada ». Revista d’Estudis Autonòmics i Federals 7 (Octobre 2008): 10-36