How do social interactions with a significant other affect PTSD symptoms? An empirical investigation with a clinical sample.
Series/Report no.Journal of aggression, maltreatment & trauma;Vol. 20, issue 3
Social support and coping are both related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, but the mechanisms underlying their relationships remain unclear. This study explores these relationships by examining the perceived frequency of supportive and countersupportive interactions with a significant other in PTSD patients. Ninety-six participants with PTSD were recruited and completed questionnaires assessing social interactions, ways of coping, and PTSD symptoms. Associations of social interactions (r2 = 4.1%–7.9%, p < .05) and coping (r2 = 15.9%– 16.5%, p < .001) with symptoms were independent, and suggested a direct association between social interactions and PTSD. Countersupportive interactions were more associated to symptoms than supportive interactions. Our findings suggest the development of psychotherapies that integrate social support interventions.
Guay, S., Beaulieu-Prévost, D., Beaudoin, C., St-Jean-Trudel, É., Nachar, N., Marchand, A., & O'connor, K. P. (2011). How do social interactions with a significant other affect PTSD symptoms? An empirical investigation with a clinical sample. Journal of aggression, maltreatment & trauma, 20(3), 280-303.