Rereading the decline of the illustrated song : three crisis discourses in moving picture world, 1908
Article [Version of Record]
Is part ofFilm history ; vol. 32, no. 1 (spring 2020), pp. 106-126.
Publisher(s)Indiana University Press
Historians have well documented the decline of illustrated songs in nickelodeons in the United States from 1909 to 1913. In this article, a close examination of the 1907 and 1908 issues of Moving Picture World shows that several crises occurred before 1909 that help us understand this decline. Here I examine three main crises: the structural crisis of free music, the economic and aesthetic crisis of piracy, and the legal dispute over exclusive illustration rights.