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dc.contributor.authorO’Dowd, Kelsey
dc.contributor.authorEmam, Mehdi
dc.contributor.authorEl Khili, Mohamed Reda
dc.contributor.authorEmad, Amin
dc.contributor.authorIbeagha-Awemu, Eveline M.
dc.contributor.authorGagnon, Carl A.
dc.contributor.authorBarjesteh, Neda
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-24T19:30:18Z
dc.date.availableNO_RESTRICTIONfr
dc.date.available2020-09-24T19:30:18Z
dc.date.issued2020-08-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1866/23922
dc.publisherMDPIfr
dc.rightsCe document est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International. / This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectChickenfr
dc.subjectmicroRNAfr
dc.subjectExtracellular vesiclefr
dc.subjectInnate antiviral responsefr
dc.subjectAvian influenza virusfr
dc.titleDistinct miRNA profile of cellular and extracellular vesicles released from chicken tracheal cells following avian influenza virus infectionfr
dc.typeArticlefr
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversité de Montréal. Faculté de médecine vétérinairefr
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/vaccines8030438
dcterms.abstractInnate responses provide the first line of defense against viral infections, including the influenza virus at mucosal surfaces. Communication and interaction between different host cells at the early stage of viral infections determine the quality and magnitude of immune responses against the invading virus. The release of membrane-encapsulated extracellular vesicles (EVs), from host cells, is defined as a refined system of cell-to-cell communication. EVs contain a diverse array of biomolecules, including microRNAs (miRNAs). We hypothesized that the activation of the tracheal cells with different stimuli impacts the cellular and EV miRNA profiles. Chicken tracheal rings were stimulated with polyI:C and LPS from Escherichia coli 026:B6 or infected with low pathogenic avian influenza virus H4N6. Subsequently, miRNAs were isolated from chicken tracheal cells or from EVs released from chicken tracheal cells. Differentially expressed (DE) miRNAs were identified in treated groups when compared to the control group. Our results demonstrated that there were 67 up-regulated miRNAs, 157 down-regulated miRNAs across all cellular and EV samples. In the next step, several genes or pathways targeted by DE miRNAs were predicted. Overall, this study presented a global miRNA expression profile in chicken tracheas in response to avian influenza viruses (AIV) and toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. The results presented predicted the possible roles of some DE miRNAs in the induction of antiviral responses. The DE candidate miRNAs, including miR-146a, miR-146b, miR-205a, miR-205b and miR-449, can be investigated further for functional validation studies and to be used as novel prophylactic and therapeutic targets in tailoring or enhancing antiviral responses against AIV.fr
dcterms.isPartOfurn:ISSN:2076-393Xfr
dcterms.languageengfr
UdeM.ReferenceFournieParDeposantO'Dowd K, Emam M, El Khili MR, Emad A, Ibeagha-Awemu EM, Gagnon CA, Barjesteh N. Distinct miRNA Profile of Cellular and Extracellular Vesicles Released from Chicken Tracheal Cells Following Avian Influenza Virus Infection. Vaccines (Basel). 2020 Aug 5;8(3):E438. doi: 10.3390/vaccines8030438. PMID: 32764349.fr
UdeM.VersionRioxxVersion publiée / Version of Recordfr
oaire.citationTitleVaccinesfr
oaire.citationVolume8fr


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Ce document est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International. / This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
RightsCe document est mis à disposition selon les termes de la Licence Creative Commons Paternité 4.0 International. / This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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