Longitudinal study on ocular manifestations in a cohort of patients with Fabry disease
Article [Version of Record]
Is part ofPLoS one ; vol. 14, no. 6.
Publisher(s)Public library of science
Purpose This study aims to assess the evolution of ocular manifestations in a cohort of Fabry patients. Methods This is a prospective observational study conducted from 2013 to 2017 (5 consecutive exams). All subjects underwent a comprehensive ocular examination including oriented case history, refraction, corneal topography, biomechanical corneal properties and pachometry assessments, aberrometry, anterior segment evaluation, double-frequency visual field (FDT), intra-ocular pressure, and ocular fundus. At baseline, 41 subjects enrolled but 9 dropped-out and 4 files were not kept for analysis (missing data). Remaining 28 subjects were classified into: Group 1 -hemizygotes (HMZ), all on enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) (N = 10); Group 2 -heterozygotes (HTZ) actively ERT-treated (N = 8), and Group 3 -HTZ not treated (N = 10). Results There is a high intra and inter-subjects variability. At baseline, prevalence of the ocular manifestations found is similar to published data: cornea verticillata (89.2%), conjunctival vessels tortuosity (85.7%), corneal haze (67.8%), retinal vessels tortuosity (64.2%), anterior cataract (39.2%) and posterior cataract (28.5%). Prevalence for new elements are found: upper lid vessels toricity (96.4%) and micro-aneurysms (42.8%). At the end, micro-aneurysms (+82%), posterior cataract (+75%) corneal haze (+21%) anterior cataract (+17%) and retinal vessels tortuosities (+4%) evolved in prevalence and severity despite the fact that 68% of the patients were on ERT. Treated heterozygotes evolved more than other groups (p>0.05). Conclusion ERT does not seem to halt the clinical evolution of several ocular manifestations. Longer observational time and objective grading systems may be required to fully confirm these findings.