The Concept of phenomenology in Fichte’s Wissenschaftslehre of 1804/II
Is part ofFichte and the phenomenological tradition ; p. 25-40
Fichte characterizes the second part of his Doctrine of Science of 1804 with the term « phenomenology », to which he assigns a double meaning : theory of illusion (Schein) and theory of phenomenon (Erscheinung). If the first part of this definition reminds us of Lambert, the inventor of phenomenology as a philosophical discipline, the second part corresponds to the idea that Kant has of this discipline, for instance in the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science. Now the question is: is it possible to integrate into a single discipline two concepts as different as Schein and Erscheinung ? If Fichte is successful in uniting both concepts in his phenomenology, it might be due to the fact that he follows in this the path already opened by Reinhold in his Beyträge of 1802-1803.