An astrocyte-dependent mechanism for neuronal rhythmogenesis
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofNature Neuroscience;Vol. 18, no 6
Communication between neurons rests on their capacity to change their firing pattern to encode different messages. For several vital functions, such as respiration and mastication, neurons need to generate a rhythmic firing pattern. Here we show in the rat trigeminal sensori-motor circuit for mastication that this ability depends on regulation of the extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]e) by astrocytes. In this circuit, astrocytes respond to sensory stimuli that induce neuronal rhythmic activity, and their blockade with a Ca2+ chelator prevents neurons from generating a rhythmic bursting pattern. This ability is restored by adding S100b, an astrocytic Ca2+-binding protein, to the extracellular space, while application of an anti-S100b antibody prevents generation of rhythmic activity. These results indicate that astrocytes regulate a fundamental neuronal property: the capacity to change firing pattern. These findings may have broad implications for many other neural networks whose functions depend on the generation of rhythmic activity.
Morquette P, Verdier D, Kadala A, Féthière J, Philippe AG, Robitaille R, Kolta A. An astrocyte-dependent mechanism for neuronal rhythmogenesis. Nat Neurosci. 2015 Jun;18(6):844-54. doi: 10.1038/nn.4013. Epub 2015 May 4. PubMed PMID: 25938883.