Which scientific elites? : on the concentration of research funds, publications and citations
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofResearch evaluation ; vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 45-53.
Publisher(s)Oxford University Press
Using the population of all university professors (N=13,479) in the province of Quebec (Canada), this paper analyses the concentration of funding, papers and citations at the level of individual researchers. It shows that each of these distributions is different, citations being the most concentrated followed by funding, papers published and, finally, number of funded projects. Concentration measures also vary between disciplines; social sciences and humanities generally being the most concentrated. The paper also shows that the correspondence between the elites defined by each of these measures is limited. In fact, only 3.2% of the researchers are in the top 10% for all indicators, while about 20% are in the top 10% for at least one of the indicators. The paper concludes with a discussion of the causes of these observed differences and formulates a few hypotheses.