The effect of university–industry collaboration on the scientific impact of publications : the Canadian case, 1980–2005
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofResearch evaluation ; vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 227-232.
Publisher(s)Oxford University Press
Previous research on university-industry collaboration in Canada concluded, using mean impact factors as a proxy, that the scientific impact of such research is not inferior to that of university research. Using field-normalized impact factors and citation counts, this paper reexamines the Canadian case. It shows that, when impact factors are field-normalized, university-industry papers are published, on average, in journals with lower impact factors than papers originating from universities only. However, field-normalized citation values reveal the opposite: the average scientific impact of university-industry papers is significantly above that of both university-only papers and industry-only papers. Collaboration with industries is, thus far from detrimental to the scientific impact of university research and even increases it significantly.