The gene–environmental architecture of the development of adolescent substance use
Gene–environmental architecture of adolescent substance use
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofPsychological medicine ; vol. 48, no. 15, pp. 2500-2507.
Publisher(s)Cambridge University Press
Background: Using a longitudinal twin design and a latent growth curve/autoregressive approach, this study examined the genetic-environmental architecture of substance use across adolescence. Methods: Self-reports of substance use (i.e., alcohol, marijuana) were collected at ages 13, 14, 15 and 17 years from 476 twin pairs (475 boys, 477 girls) living in the Province of Quebec, Canada. Substance use increased linearly across the adolescent years. Results: ACE modeling revealed that genetic, as well as shared and non-shared environmental factors explained the overall level of substance use and that these same factors also partly accounted for growth in substance use from age 13 to age 17. Additional genetic factors predicted the growth in substance use. Finally, autoregressive effects revealed age-specific nonshared environmental influences and, to a lesser degree, age-specific genetic influences, which together accounted for the stability of substance use across adolescence. Conclusions: The results support and expand the notion that genetic and environmental influences on substance use during adolescence are both developmentally stable and developmentally dynamic.