The benefits of supporting the autonomy of individuals with mild intellectual disabilities: an experimental study
Article [Accepted Manuscript]
Is part ofJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities ; vol. 30, no 5, p. 830-846
The benefits of autonomy support with the general population have been demonstrated numerous times. However, little research has been conducted to verify if these benefits apply to people with special needs. The goal of the study was to examine whether autonomy support (AS) can foster the sense of autonomy of people with a mild intellectual disabilities (MID) and improve their experience while engaging in an important but fastidious learning activity. This experiment compares the effects of two contexts: with and without AS. All participants (N = 51) had a MID and were recruited from rehabilitation centers. The results showed that compared to participants in the control group, participants in the AS group experienced greater autonomy satisfaction, perceived more value to the activity, were more engaged, and experienced a steeper decrease in their anxiety over time. This study suggests that the benefits of AS extend to individuals with MID.