Now showing items 21-40 of 278

  • Sustained increases in skin blood flow are not a pre-requisite to initiate sweating during passive heat exposure 

    Ravanelli, Nicholas; Jay, Ollie; Gagnon, Daniel (2017-08-01)
    Some studies have observed a functional relationship between sweating and skin blood flow. However, the implications of this relationship during physiologically relevant conditions remain unclear. We manipulated sudomotor activity through changes in ...
  • Insensitivity to verb conjugation patterns in French children with SLI 

    Insensitivity to verb conjugation patterns in French SLI
    Royle, Phaedra; St-Denis, Ariane; Mazzocca, Patrizia; Marquis, Alexandra (Taylor & Francis, 2017-06-07)
    Specific language impairment (SLI) is characterized by persistent difficulties that affect language abilities in otherwise normally developing children (Leonard, 2014). It remains challenging to identify young children affected by SLI in French. We ...
  • Functional neuroimaging predictors of self-reported psychotic symptoms in adolescents 

    Bourque, Josiane; Spechler, Philip A.; Potvin, Stéphane; Whelan, Robert; Banaschewski, Tobias; Bokde, Arun W. L.; Bromberg, Uli; Büchel, Christian; Burke Quinlan, Erin; Conrod, Patricia (American Psychiatric Publishing, 2017-06-01)
    OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the neural correlates of psychotic-like experiences in youths during tasks involving inhibitory control, reward anticipation, and emotion processing. A secondary aim was to test whether these neurofunctional ...
  • Previous pregnancy outcomes and subsequent pregnancy anxiety in a Quebec prospective cohort 

    Shapiro, Gabriel; Séguin, Jean; Muckle, Gina; Monnier, Patricia; Fraser, William (Taylor & Francis, 2017-06)
    Introduction— Pregnancy anxiety is an important psychosocial risk factor that may be more strongly associated with adverse birth outcomes than other measures of stress. Better understanding of the upstream predictors and causes of pregnancy anxiety ...
  • School adjustment and substance use in early adolescent boys: association with paternal alcoholism with and without dad in the home 

    Paternal alcoholism and early adolescent boys
    Carbonneau, René; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard Ernest (SAGE Publications, 2017-05-15)
    The present study examined the association of paternal alcoholism with early adolescent boys’ school adjustment and substance use, and its moderation by paternal absence, controlling for parents’ socioeconomic resources. A community sample of 653 urban, ...
  • The priming of priming : Evidence that the N400 reflects context-dependent post-retrieval word integration in working memory 

    Steinhauer, Karsten; Royle, Phaedra; Drury, John E.; Fromont, Lauren A. (Elsevier, 2017-05)
    Which cognitive processes are reflected by the N400 in ERPs is still controversial. Various recent articles(Lau et al., 2008; Brouwer et al., 2012) have revived the idea that only lexical pre-activation processes(such as automatic spreading activation, ...
  • Maternal warmth and toddler development : support for transactional models in disadvantaged families 

    Parenting, communication and social competence
    Girard, Lisa-Christine; Doyle, Orla; Tremblay, Richard Ernest (Springer, 2017-04)
    Studies support cognitive and social domains of development as entwined in childhood, however, there is a paucity of investigation into the nature of the mother-child relationship within an interdependence framework. Furthermore, the focus on these ...
  • Victimization, suicidal ideation, and alcohol use from age 13 to 15 years : support for the Self-Medication Model 

    Marschall-Lévesque, Shawn; Castellanos Ryan, Natalie; Parent, Sophie; Renaud, Johanne; Vitaro, Frank; Boivin, Michel; Tremblay, Richard Ernest; Séguin, Jean (Elsevier, 2017-04)
    Purpose—Recent years have seen increased coverage of adolescent victimization and suicide. Both adolescent peer victimization and substance use have been associated with suicidal ideation, with evidence suggesting that all three factors are interrelated. ...
  • Similarities and differences between behavioral and electrophysiological visual acuity thresholds in healthy infants during the second half of the first year of life 

    Polevoy, Claudia; Muckle, Gina; Séguin, Jean; Ouellet, Emmanuel; Saint-Amour, Dave (Springer, 2017-04)
    Purpose Behavioral and electrophysiological methods for visual acuity estimation typically correlate well in children and adult populations, but this relationship remains unclear in infants, particularly during the second half of the first year of ...
  • Infant neurodevelopmental outcomes following assisted reproductive technologies 

    Balayla, Jacques; Sheehy, Odile; Fraser, William; Séguin, Jean; Trasler, Jacquetta; Monnier, Patricia; MacLeod, Andrea; Simard, Marie-Noëlle; Muckle, Gina; Bérard, Anick (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2017-02)
    OBJECTIVE: To compare children's cognitive, motor, and language development at 2 years of age after assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) relative to natural conception. METHODS: The 3D-Study (2010–2012) is a prospective cohort study, which sought ...
  • Electric fan use during heat waves: Turn off for the elderly? 

    Crandall, Craig G.; Gagnon, Daniel (2017-02)
  • ENIGMA and the individual : Predicting factors that affect the brain in 35 countries worldwide 

    Thompson, Paul M.; Andreassen, Ole A.; Conrod, Patricia; Imagen Consortium (Elsevier, 2017-01-15)
    In this review, we discuss recent work by the ENIGMA Consortium (http://enigma.ini.usc.edu) – a global alliance of over 500 scientists spread across 200 institutions in 35 countries collectively analyzing brain imaging, clinical, and genetic data. ...
  • Associations of prenatal urinary bisphenol a concentrations with child behaviors and cognitive abilities 

    Braun, Joseph M.; Muckle, Gina; Arbuckle, Tye; Bouchard, Maryse F.; Fraser, William; Ouellet, Emmanuel; Séguin, Jean; Oulhote, Youssef; Webster, Glenys M.; Lanphear, Bruce P. (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2017)
    BACKGROUND: Prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure has been associated with adverse neurodevelopment in epidemiological studies. However, prior studies had limited statistical power to examine sex-specific effects, and few examined child cognition. ...
  • The structure of psychopathology in adolescence and its common personality and cognitive correlates 

    Castellanos Ryan, Natalie; Nault-Brière, Frédéric; O’Leary-Barrett, Maeve; Banaschewski, Tobias; Bokde, Arun W. L.; Bromberg, Uli; Büchel, Christian; Flor, Herta; Frouin, Vincent; Gallinat, Jürgen; Garavan, Hugh; Martinot, Jean-Luc; Nees, Frauke; Paus, Tomáš; Pausova, Zdenka; Rietschel, Marcella; Robbins, Trevor W.; Smolka, Michael N.; Whelan, Robert; Schumann, Gunter; Conrod, Patricia; Imagen Consortium (American Psychological Association, 2016-11)
    The traditional view that mental disorders are distinct, categorical disorders has been challenged by evidence that disorders are highly comorbid and exist on a continuum (e.g., Caspi et al., 2014; Tackett et al., 2013). The first objective of this ...
  • Evaluation of qualityof-life in patients with narcolepsy treated with sodium oxybate : use of the 36-item short-form health survey in a clinical trial. 

    Bogan, Richard; Swick, Todd; Mamelak, Mortimer; Kovacevic-Ristanovic, Ruzica; Lai, Chinglin; Black, Jed; Villa, Kathleen F.; Montplaisir, Jacques-Yves (Adis, Springer Healthcare, 2016-10-24)
    Introduction The present post hoc analysis was designed to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using the 36-item Short Form Health Status Survey (SF-36) during an 8-week trial of sodium oxybate (SXB). Methods SF-36 was assessed ...
  • Paternal age explains a major portion of de novo germline mutation rate variability in healthy individuals 

    Girard, Simon L.; Bourassa, Cynthia V.; Lemieux Perreault, Louis-Philippe; Legault, Marc-André; Barhdadi, Amina; Ambalavanan, Amirthagowri; Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Noreau, Anne; Dionne, Ginette; Tremblay, Richard Ernest; Dion, Patrick A.; Boivin, Michel; Dubé, Marie-Pierre; Rouleau, Guy (Public Library of Science, 2016-10-10)
    De novo mutations (DNM) are an important source of rare variants and are increasingly being linked to the development of many diseases. Recently, the paternal age effect has been the focus of a number of studies that attempt to explain the observation ...
  • Prevalence and correlates of prescription opioid residue injection 

    Roy, Elise; Arruda, Nelson; Bertrand, Karine; Dufour, Magali; Laverdière, Émélie; Jutras-Aswad, Didier; Perrreault, Michel; Berbiche, Djamal; Bruneau, Julie (Elsevier, 2016-09-01)
    Background: There is growing evidence of intravenous administration of prescription opioids (POs) in several countries. Preparation of POs for injection may leave residues in containers and filters used by people who inject drugs and may lead to adverse ...
  • Gambling Problems among Community Cocaine Users 

    Dufour, Magali; Nguyen, Noël; Bertrand, Karine; Perreault, Michel; Jutras-Aswad, Didier; Morvannou, Adèle; Bruneau, Julie; Berbiche, Djamal; Roy, Elise (Springer, 2016-09)
    Cocaine use is highly prevalent and a major public health problem. While some studies have reported frequent comorbidity problems among cocaine users, few studies have included evaluation of gambling problems. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence ...
  • Developmental associations between conduct problems and expressive language in early childhood : a population-based study 

    Conduct problems and language
    Girard, Lisa-Christine; Pingault, Jean-Baptiste; Doyle, Orla; Falissard, Bruno; Tremblay, Richard Ernest (Springer, 2016-08)
    Conduct problems have been associated with poor language development, however the direction of this association in early childhood remains unclear. This study examined the longitudinal directional associations between conduct problems and expressive ...