Now showing items 21-30 of 76
Developmental pathways linking childhood temperament with antisocial behavior and substance use in adolescence : explanatory mechanisms in the peer environment
Temperament, peer social processes and antisocial behavior & substance use
(American Psychological Association, 2017-06)
This study investigated three developmental pathways involving the peer environment that may explain how certain temperamental dispositions in childhood may become manifested in later antisocial behavior and substance ...
Genetic and environmental influences on height from infancy to early adulthood : an individualbased pooled analysis of 45 twin cohorts
(Nature Publishing Group, 2016-06-23)
Height variation is known to be determined by both genetic and environmental factors, but a systematic description of how their influences differ by sex, age and global regions is lacking. We conducted an individual-based ...
Peer victimization and anxiety in genetically vulnerable youth : the protective roles of teachers' self-efficacy and anti-bullying classroom rules
Many victimized youngsters are at risk of developing internalizing problems, and this risk seems to be especially pronounced when they are genetically vulnerable for these problems. It is unclear, however, whether protective ...
Problem gambling among adolescents : a longitudinal empirical investigation of the pathways model of problem gambling
Pathways model investigation among adolescents
The pathways model of problem gambling suggests the existence of three developmental pathways to problem gambling, each differentiated by a set of predisposing biopsychosocial characteristics: behaviorally conditioned (BC), ...
Adolescent cannabis use, change in neurocognitive function, and High-School Graduation : a longitudinal study from early adolescence to young adulthood
(Cambridge University Press, 2017-10)
The main objective of this prospective longitudinal study was to investigate bidirectional associations between adolescent cannabis use (CU) and neurocognitive performance in a community sample of 294 young men from ages ...
Gene-environment correlation linking aggression and peer victimization : do classroom behavioral norms matter?
Using a genetically informed design based on 197 Monozygotic and Dizygotic twin pairs assessed in grade 4, this study examined 1) whether, in line with a gene-environment correlation (rGE), a genetic disposition for physical ...
The interaction between temperament and the family environment in adolescent substance use and externalizing behaviors : support for diathesis–stress or differential susceptibility?
Both individual and environmental factors predict externalizing behaviors and substance use (EB-SU); however, different patterns of interaction among these factors may have different implications. This review first examines ...
Using mobile technology to reduce engagement in stereotypy : a validation of decision-making algorithms
Mobile technology to reduce stereotypy
We developed an iOS app, the iSTIM, designed to support parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in reducing common repetitive vocal and motor behavior (i.e., stereotypy). The purpose of our study was to ...
Heterogeneity in the development of proactive and reactive aggression in childhood : Common and specific genetic-environmental factors
(Public Library of Science, 2017-12-06)
Background Few studies are grounded in a developmental framework to study proactive and reactive aggression. Furthermore, although distinctive correlates, predictors and outcomes have been highlighted, proactive and ...
Phenotypic and genetic associations between reading comprehension, decoding skills, and ADHD dimensions : evidence from two population-based studies
Phenotypic and genetic associations between reading and ADHD
BACKGROUND: The phenotypic and genetic associations between decoding skills and ADHD dimensions have been documented but less is known about the association with reading comprehension. The aim of the study is to document ...