Now showing items 1-10 of 28
Persistence and innovation effects in genetic and environmental factors in negative emotionality during infancy : a twin study
(Public Library of Science, 2017-04-27)
Background Difficult temperament in infancy is a risk factor for forms of later internalizing and externalizing psychopathology, including depression and anxiety. A better understanding of the roots of difficult temperament ...
Environmental influence of problematic social relationships on adolescents' daily cortisol secretion : a monozygotic twin-difference study
(Cambridge University Press, 2017-02)
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the potential environmental effects of peer victimization and the quality of relationships with parents and friends on diurnal cortisol secretion in mid-adolescence. METHOD: ...
Complex effects of dyslexia risk factors account for ADHD-traits : evidence from two independent samples
Background: Developmental dyslexia (DD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are among the most common neurodevelopmental disorders, whose etiology involves multiple risk factors. DD and ADHD co-occur in the ...
Persistent genetic and family-wide environmental contributions to early number knowledge and later achievement in mathematics
Etiology of early math knowledge and skills development
This study investigated the stable and transient genetic and environmental contributions to individual differences in number knowledge in the transition from preschool (age 5) to Grade 1 (age 7) and to the predictive ...
The gene–environmental architecture of the development of adolescent substance use
Gene–environmental architecture of adolescent substance use
(Cambridge University Press, 2018-02-19)
Background: Using a longitudinal twin design and a latent growth curve/autoregressive approach, this study examined the genetic-environmental architecture of substance use across adolescence. Methods: Self-reports of ...
Evidence of a unique and common genetic etiology between the CAR and the remaining part of the diurnal cycle : a study of 14 year-old twins
Introduction By and large, studies have reported moderate contributions of genetic factors to cortisol secreted in the early morning and even smaller estimates later in the day. In contrast, the cortisol awakening ...
Validation of an adapted procedure to collect hair for cortisol determination in adolescents
Adaption of the collection protocol for hair cortisol determination
Introduction In the last decades, cortisol has been extensively studied in association to early exposure to adversity as well as in the etiology of a number of physical and mental problems. While saliva and blood samples ...
The spread of substance use and delinquency between adolescent twins
The spread of twin substance use and delinquency
(American Psychological Association, 2017-02)
This investigation examines the spread of problem behaviors (substance use and delinquency) between twin siblings. A sample of 628 twins (151 male twin pairs and 163 female twin pairs) drawn from the Quebec Newborn Twin ...
Twin classroom dilemma : to study together or separately?
(American Psychological Association, 2018-07)
There is little research to date on the academic implications of teaching twins in the same or different classroom. Consequently, it is not clear whether twin classroom separation is associated with positive or negative ...
Contagion of anxiety symptoms among adolescent siblings : a twin study
This study examined whether social contagion of anxiety symptoms is present between siblings during early adolescence and whether this process is moderated by sex, relationship quality, and zygosity. Based on 634 monozygotic ...