Now showing items 1-10 of 53
Comorbid development of disruptive behaviors from age 1½ to 5 years in a population birth-cohort and association with school adjustment in first grade
Comorbidity of Disruptive Behaviors from age 1½ to 5 years
(Springer Verlag, 2016-05)
Comorbidity is frequent among disruptive behaviors (DB) and leads to mental health problems during adolescence and adulthood. However, the early developmental origins of this comorbidity have so far received little attention. ...
Co-morbidity between gambling problems and depressive symptoms: A longitudinal perspective of risk and protective factors
(Springer Verlag, 2016)
In both adolescents and adults, gambling problems and depressive symptoms co-occur and share some common risk factors (e.g., impulsivity and socio-family risk). However, little is known about (1) the developmental course ...
School adjustment and substance use in early adolescent boys: association with paternal alcoholism with and without dad in the home
Paternal alcoholism and early adolescent boys
(SAGE Publications, 2017-05-15)
The present study examined the association of paternal alcoholism with early adolescent boys’ school adjustment and substance use, and its moderation by paternal absence, controlling for parents’ socioeconomic resources. ...
Variety of gambling activities from adolescence to age 30 and association with gambling problems: a 15‐year longitudinal study of a general population sample
Variety of gambling activities
Participants A mixed‐gender general population cohort assessed at ages 15 (n = 1882), 22 (n = 1785) and 30 (n = 1358). Measurements Adolescent and adult versions of the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). ...
The intergenerational association between parents' problem gambling and impulsivity-hyperactivity/inattention behaviors in children
Parents’ problem gambling and children’s IH/I behaviors
(Springer Verlag, 2017-11-04)
Despite the well-established association between problem gambling and ADHD core categories of impulsivity-hyperactivity and inattention, the link between parents’ problem gambling and impulsivity-hyperactivity/inattention ...
Mild hypothermia prevents cerebral edema and CSF lactate accumulation in acute liver failure
Evidence from both clinical and experimental studies demonstrates that mild hypothermia prevents encephalopathy and brain edema in acute liver failure (ALF). As part of a series of studies to elucidate the mechanism(s) ...
Keeping cool in acute liver failure: rationale for the use of mild hypothermia
Encephalopathy, brain edema and intracranial hypertension are neurological complications responsible for substantial morbidity/mortality in patients with acute liver failure (ALF), where, aside from liver transplantation, ...
Acute insult of ammonia leads to calcium-dependent glutamate release from cultured astrocytes, an effect of pH
Hyperammonemia is a key factor in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) as well as other metabolic encephalopathies, such as those associated with inherited disorders of urea cycle enzymes and in Reye's syndrome. ...
Manganese deposition in basal ganglia structures results from both portal-systemic shunting and liver dysfunction
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Manganese (Mn) deposition could be responsible for the T(1)-weighted magnetic resonance signal hyperintensities observed in cirrhotic patients. These experiments were designed to assess the regional ...
Portacaval anastomosis-induced hyperammonemia does not lead to oxidative stress
Ammonia is neurotoxic and believed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). It has been demonstrated, in vitro and in vivo, that acute and high ammonia treatment induces oxidative stress. ...