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Artiste ou espion ? Dessiner le paysage dans l’Italie du XVIe siècle
Article [Version acceptée]
Fait partie deLes carnets du paysage ; no 24, p. 131-147.
Stories of artists who were arrested and accused of spying while drawing landscape remain relatively unknown in the history of open-air drawing in the Renaissance period, when landscape raised new aesthetic issues as well as strategic and military tensions. This article focuses on Francisco de Holanda, a Portuguese artist who travelled through Italy between 1538 and 1542. Having embarked on a visual-spying mission of the peninsula's fortresses, he wrote essays on drawing and painting in which landscape representation took on a strategic dimension ans was celebrated as such. At the same time, treatises on the 'art of travelling' provided a great deal of advice on how to draw and map foreign territories 'without raising suspicion', while treatises on fortification often addressed military secret. Examining the figure of the draughtsman together with his graphic production at the service of art or war leads to a wider reflection on the development of a certain vision of landscape in the modern West.